Yeast Infection Causes And Symptoms

Yeast Infection Causes And Symptoms

Yeast infection is one of the common ailments mainly observed in adult females, but not so prominent in males. Women suffer from vaginal yeast infection a number of times in different phases of their life, while penile yeast infection may be quite disturbing for some men.

A definite population of the yeast Candida Albicans is present in different parts of our body like oral cavity, intestine and genital area and that is considered normal. But the problem arises when yeast outgrows the beneficial bacteria. Certain physiological conditions are responsible for the sudden overgrowth of Candida, which is followed by a host of symptoms enough to upset the normal lifestyle of an individual. The symptoms vary according to the type of infection.
Yeast Infection Causes And Symptoms


Causes of Yeast Infection

Moist and Humid Conditions

Moist and humid conditions in the genital areas create the most favorable conditions for yeast multiplication. Wearing tight fitting clothing or synthetic undergarments restricts the normal air circulation. As a result, sweat remains trapped on the skin surface creating humid conditions facilitating the overgrowth of yeast.


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This is one of the main reasons for vaginal yeast infection in women. Wearing wet swim suits for a long time can also promote yeast multiplication. Moist and humid conditions can also lead to skin candidiasis or yeast infection of the skin.

Practicing Poor Hygiene

This may not be a leading cause of yeast infection, but poor hygienic condition in the genital area creates ideal conditions for yeast multiplication. Prolonged usage of unclean undergarments and improper cleaning of genital areas often leads to vaginal or penile yeast infection.

Impaired Body Immunity

People having weakened body immunity system due to prolonged suffering from cancer, HIV infection or diabetes are vulnerable to yeast infection. Faulty eating habits, excessive stress and lack of sleep can also weaken your body immunity, and you may suffer from recurrent yeast infections.

Indulging in Unprotected Sex

Indulging in unprotected sex is another prime cause of yeast infection. Most of the cases of vaginal yeast infection are caused due to this factor. Men too contact this infection from their infected sexual partners. Candida infection can easily pass to your sexual partner through vaginal and seminal fluids.

Use of Certain Condoms

Yeast Infection Causes And Symptoms Use of Certain Condoms

Although, usage of condoms is highly recommended during sexual intercourse to prevent yeast infection or other STIs, but this can be problematic for some. Condoms lubricated with nonoxynol-9 (a spermicide) can cause vaginal yeast infection. Those allergic to latex may develop a yeast infection from latex condoms, but this is rarely observed. Use of polyurethane condoms is best in such cases.

Douching

Frequent douching flushes away the beneficial bacteria from the vagina creating favorable grounds for yeast multiplication. The chances of vaginal yeast infection are quite high in women habituated in chemical douching.

Hormonal fluctuation

Often, hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and menopause cause yeast infection in women. In fact, many women suffer from recurrent vaginal yeast infections during pregnancy. Again, the chances of vaginal yeast infection are high in menopausal women due to low levels of estrogen. Certain birth control pills may also induce yeast infection in women.

Prolonged Intake of Antibiotics

Antibiotics are necessary to treat serious infections, but prolonged intake of these drugs can cause yeast infection. Antibiotics kill the beneficial bacteria along with the harmful ones disrupting the normal bacterial balance. This creates favorable grounds for rapid yeast multiplication resulting in vaginal or penile yeast infection.


Symptoms of Yeast Infection

Symptoms of yeast infections vary according to the type and location of the infection. These are more prominent in women than in men. Some commonly observed symptoms of this ailment are briefed below:

Itching and Soreness in the Genital Area

Extreme vaginal itching and redness is observed in case of vaginal yeast infection, which is followed by swelling of the vagina and vulva. In men, itching and soreness is also observed on the penis head in case of penile yeast infection.

White Cheesy Discharge

White cheesy discharge from the vagina is the most vital symptom of vaginal yeast infection in women. This discharge do not carry any foul smell.  Collection of white discharge on the penis head is also observed in case of penile yeast infection in men, but it is not that prominent as in women.

Burning Sensation During Urination

This is another common symptom of yeast infection observed both in men and women. The burning sensation is experienced whenever the painful vaginal lesions or penile sores come in contact with the acidic urine. One can also feel this sensation if the sores get rubbed with the clothing.

Painful Sexual Intercourse

Sexual intercourse is painful when an individual is suffering from severe vaginal or penile yeast infection. The soreness of the vagina or penis causes pain during sex. One can also feel this discomfort after intercourse.

White Patches in the Oral Cavity

Yeast Infection Causes And Symptoms yeast infection symptoms

This is observed in case of oral thrush. Oral thrush can affect adults as well as infants. These white patches have curd like appearance. These can be painful and cause difficulty while eating. Redness of the tongue is observed with a white coating over it.

Rashes and Lesions on the Skin

Reddish rashes or lesions are observed on the skin in case of skin candidiasis. These rashes are often itchy and painful as well. These are mainly observed in the skin folds in between the fingers, underarms and groin area where the moisture remains trapped. These symptoms are also noticed in case of diaper rashes in babies.

Abdominal Pain and Indigestion

Gastrointestinal tract is vulnerable to yeast infection, which can wreak havoc on your entire digestive system. The yeast multiplies rapidly in the intestine under favorable conditions and clings to the intestinal wall. As a result, a person experiences pain in the abdomen and bloating. Diarrhea and constipation are other symptoms of gastrointestinal yeast infection.

Fatigue

Fatigue is observed in severe cases of yeast infection. Rapid yeast multiplication in the body consumes lots of energy resulting in extreme fatigue. This symptom is prominent in individuals prone to recurrent yeast infections.

Fever and Chills

Fever and chills are observed in case of invasive candidiasis, the most severe form of yeast infection. These symptoms are of rare occurrence and are mainly observed in cancer and AIDS patients with weakened body immunity system. The symptoms do not subside even after treating with antibiotics, and the infection spreads to other vital organs like liver and kidneys. This can create life threatening conditions if not diagnosed properly.

Photo Credit: http://kirstisverdenensakletare.blogspot.in/2012/02/cure-vaginal-yeast-infections-3-natural.html

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