Treatment Options For Diabetes

Treatment Options For DiabetesDiabetes Mellitus is a condition where the person is unable to absorb the glucose in the blood stream due to insufficient or absence of the hormone insulin, which helps in the utilization of glucose in the body. This is when the symptoms such as high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), restlessness, tiredness, excessive thirst, etc. come to surface.

Diabetes can be of two types: Type 1 diabetes- an auto immune disorder where the body attacks the insulin producing cells in the body and the outcome being that the body is unable to control its glucose levels due to lack of insulin producing cells. Type 2 diabetes is when insulin produced in the body is insufficient or when the body fails to utilize insulin which can result into Insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. Type 1 is also known as Juvenile Diabetes since it can occur at an early age.

Insulin resistance is a condition when the insulin levels in the body are high for a considerable time making the body sensitive to the hormone and overtime, the body becoming resistant to insulin. Insulin resistant can cause high levels of glucose in the blood stream as insulin is unable to utilize the available glucose causing hyperglycemia.


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Treatment for Diabetes

The treatment of Diabetes Mellitus depends on its type but the aim in general is to keep the blood glucose levels as normal as possible so as to reduce its symptoms and underlying health problems.

Insulin Injections

People with type 1 diabetes need a supply of insulin which can be taken by injection. Insulin comes in different preparations and so their effects vary. This gives way to the following types of insulin: rapid acting insulin which works quickly but last for no more than 4 hours, long acting insulin which can last for almost a day and short acting insulin that lasts for around 8 hours.

Insulin The insulin needs to be injected to enter directly into bloodstream because if taken in a tablet form it will enter the digestive system, and like any food, fail to enter the blood stream. On an average, a person will need around 2-4 injections per day.


Insulin Pump Therapy

For Type 1 diabetics, the insulin pump is another alternative for injections. The pump monitors the level of glucose at the rate which the body can control and allows one to be free from the trouble of injecting insulin every time. However, insulin pump therapy may not be suitable for all and also requires close monitoring of blood glucose levels at all times.

insulin pump therapyInsulin injections are used in Type 2 diabetes only when the glucose lowering medications are not effective. However, whether insulin treatment should be taken alone or in combination with glucose lowering medications depends on the doctor’s knowledge. ,


Medications to Lower Blood Glucose Levels

The following medications are given to lower blood glucose in Type 2 diabetes:

Metformin

It is the first medicine given to Type2 diabetics as it influences the liver by reducing the amount of glucose it produces into the blood stream.

MetforminHence, it lowers glucose levels in the blood and also helps to increase insulin sensitivity of the body so as to make the body cells more receptive to the insulin. Metformin can cause side effects like nausea and diarrhea but does not cause weight gain and is avoided if the patient is also suffering from kidney disorder.


Sulphonylureas

These medicines help to increase the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas, making insulin available to the body and hence better utilization of glucose. Apart from causing nausea, diarrhea and weight gain, it may cause hypoglycemia as it increases insulin.

Sulphonylureas


Glitazoness / thiazolidinediones (TZD’s)

They increase the insulin sensitivity of the body cells so that good amount of glucose is absorbed from the blood stream. However, they can cause weight gain and swelling of ankles as a side effect.

Glitazoness / thiazolidinediones (TZD’s)


Gliptins (D PP-4 inhibitors)

In Type 2 diabetes, a naturally present hormone GLP-1 which helps the body in producing insulin in times of high glucose levels in the body is rapidly broken down.

Gliptins (D PP-4 inhibitors)However, Gliptins prevent breaking down of this hormone and also avoid high blood glucose levels in the body. Their use does not cause hypoglycemia.


GLP-1 agonists

This works similar to GLP-1 hormone but Exenatide, a GLP-1 Agonist, needs to be injected twice a day as it helps to produce insulin at times of high blood glucose levels. Thus, it helps to reduce blood glucose levels without causing hypoglycemia and also contributes to weight loss.

GLP-1 agonists


Acarbose

This medication is usually not the first choice as it can cause bloating or diarrhea and only prescribed if the other medicines are unsuitable.

AcarboseAcarbose works by slowing down the digestion and the rate at which it breakdowns carbohydrates into glucose to be released in the blood stream, thus preventing glucose levels from rising after a meal.


Nateglinide and Repaglinide

Although they are not the first choice as their effect doesn’t last very long but they seem to be very effective once taken prior a meal. They help by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas. However, they may cause weight gain and hypoglycemia as side effects.

Nateglinide and Repaglinide


Supervise Blood Glucose Levels

Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary to ensure better control of glucose levels since they can also vary throughout the day.

DiabetesAlthough blood glucose levels may vary from person to person, the normal ranges should be taken as 4-6 mmol/l prior meals (pre-prandial), and less than 10 mmol/l post prandial, two hours after meals.


HbA1C Test

The HbA1C test is done after every 2-4 months. This test helps to keep track of how stable the blood sugar levels have been for the past 2-3 months and the progress of the treatment plan. It determines the amount of hemoglobin (oxygen carrying compound in the red blood cells) which has the glucose attached on it. If the count of HbA1c is higher, then this indicates that the amount of blood glucose levels has been consistently high and the treatment needs attention.

DiabetesDiabetes educators also emphasize on the timing of the meals as improper timing can cause uncontrolled blood glucose levels. Treating diabetes may not be as easy as it sounds but only if paid attention to having the prescribed medications, following healthy diet and lifestyle and monitoring glucose levels, the effects of diabetes can at least be controlled.

 

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    • Forskolin Extract has been studied for its potential to reduce appetite, manage weight. Combined with a healthy diet and exercise, desired goals can be achieved!
    • All-natural weight management supplement. Promotes healthy metabolism
    • This natural vegan formula will effectively support both male and female weight management. Finally you can start and finish a DIET that will work.
    • Rapid dissolving vegetarian capsule helps the active ingredients metabolize in the body so very little product “is wasted” and passed through your system.
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    • Contains Biotin for Healthy Hair Care.
    • Providing 100% RDA limits for maximum Vitamins & Mineral. Contains 13 Amino Acids. Helps support strong nails. Helps support lustrous hair.
    • Manufactured in World Class Manufacturing Standards.
    999.00