Symptoms and Treatment Of Diabetes

Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes

Symptoms and Treatment Of Diabetes

Diabetes is a carbohydrate metabolic disorder. Insufficiency of insulin hormone or lack of functionality of insulin causes diabetes. Diabetes are of two types: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a genetic disorder and is an irreversible condition. It mainly occurs in childhood (less than 20 years of age). In this condition, sufficient insulin is not produced in the patient’s body and lack of insulin is the reason of increased blood sugar level.

Type 2 Diabetes is not a genetic disorder and mostly occurs after 35 years of age. It occurs due to unbalanced life style like stress, excessive intake of carbohydrate, fat food, obesity etc. which causes insulin resistance. Though this condition is completely reversible by maintaining food habits and physical exercises.


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Here Are The List Of Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes:

Symptoms

Diabetes symptoms are mostly harmless. If the sugar level fluctuation is not too high, then the patients cannot feel or observe the physiological changes. This makes diabetes ‘’silent killer’’ as the prolonged diabetes creates lots of complications which adversely affect the overall health. The best way to monitor diabetes is through routine checking of blood sugar by available diagnosis methods. The commonly reported symptoms are discussed below:

Poly-Urination

When blood sugar level gets increased, the frequency of urination is enhanced. Inactivation or insufficiency of insulin causes increase in sugar level. Kidneys cannot filter the excess sugar as they (kidneys) absorb more water from blood to dilute the sugar and thus, urine formation is more.

Poly-Urination

Excessive Thirst

Excessive thirst occurs to balance the water loss due to poly-urination. Otherwise body gets dehydrated.

Excessive Thirst

Profound Hunger

Carbohydrates cannot metabolize due to lack of insulin or malfunctioning of insulin. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy, so to compensate energy level body needs more food supply and the outcome is profound hunger.

Profound Hunger

Weight Gain

Weight gain is another result of profound hunger.

Weight Gain

Remarkable Weight Loss

Usually this symptom is associated with Type 1 Diabetes. In Type 1 Diabetes, the body cannot prepare insulin, so the glucose (sugar) distribution is not even in all the cells. Muscular tissues and fats are decomposed to compensate the need of the body.

Tiredness

Lack of insulin or less functionality of insulin causes uneven distribution of glucose in different tissues and they do not get continuous energy supply. This further increases the tiredness.

Tiredness

Mood Swing

Lack of energy produces irritability.

Vision Problem

Dim or blurred vision is common as diabetes affects optic nerve.

Vision Problem

Delayed Wound Healing

Increase in blood sugar level gives a preferable media to bacteria and killing of them is difficult and thus, result in delayed wound healing process.

Delayed Wound Healing

Tingling Sensation In Hands And Feet

High blood sugar level damages peripheral nerve tissues due to less supply of glucose which causes tingling sensation or numbness in hands and feet.

Tingling Sensation In Hands And Feet

Gum Problems

In high blood sugar level, gums become swollen and red. It loses holding capacity and teeth become loosen. Gums are frequently infected and healing of infection is delayed.

Gum Problems

Skin Problems

Itchy skin is a rare symptoms associated with diabetes.

Skin Problems

Treatment

Treatment of both diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) include restricted diet, physical activities and medicines. Although, diabetes is a common disease but individual patient requires separate care. Best result can be obtained by proper consultation with endocrinologist.

Restricted Diet

In diabetes treatment, the role of dietitian is enormous. There are no specific food available for diabetes but restricted diet helps to control diabetes totally. Foods containing high fibers and low fats are preferable for diabetes. Low sugar content fruits, high fibers content vegetables and whole grains are beneficial for diabetic patients. Fibrous foods delay the gastric empting time and hence help to control the blood sugar level.

Fruits And Vegetables

Physical Exercise

Physical exercise is helpful to control blood sugar level especially for type 2 diabetes. Mild to moderate physical exercises which include aerobic steps, brisk walking and bicycling are help to utilize blood sugar by burning the calories. It is advisable to have 30 minutes regular physical exercises. Precaution should be taken as it may extensively reduce blood sugar level.

Exercise

Medicinal Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes are mostly controlled by oral medication and insulin therapy is used for Type 1 diabetes. Insulin therapy can also prescribe in severe uncontrollable Type 2 Diabetes. The possible available oral therapies for type 2 diabetes are Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza), Sulfonylureas (glyburide, glipizide and glimepiride), Meglitinides (repaglinide and nateglinide) and Thiazolidinediones (Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone). The mechanism of action of these drugs are more or less similar and helps to lower the blood sugar level. The obseved side effects are weight gain, gastric distress and cardiac complications.

Medications

Insulin Therapy 

Insulin therapy is applicable for type 1 diabetes and uncontrollable type 2 diabetes or as recommended by physician. Different types of insulin are available which include Iinsulin glulisine, Insulin lispro, Insulin aspart, Insulin isophane, Insulin glargine and Insulin detemir. Various ways for Insulin administration include syringes and fine needle and insulin pen injector.

Insulin Therapy

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    • Forskolin is a natural appetite suppressant that curbs carb and sugar cravings so you can stick to your diet plan!
    • Forskolin Extract has been studied for its potential to reduce appetite, manage weight. Combined with a healthy diet and exercise, desired goals can be achieved!
    • All-natural weight management supplement. Promotes healthy metabolism
    • This natural vegan formula will effectively support both male and female weight management. Finally you can start and finish a DIET that will work.
    • Rapid dissolving vegetarian capsule helps the active ingredients metabolize in the body so very little product “is wasted” and passed through your system.
    1,199.00
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    4.67 out of 5
    • Combines vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other nutrients along with healthy hair, skin and nails support
    • This comprehensive and complete formula delivers a total of 36 nutrients comprising vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, health blends, amino acids in one convenient daily dose.
    • Contains Biotin for Healthy Hair Care.
    • Providing 100% RDA limits for maximum Vitamins & Mineral. Contains 13 Amino Acids. Helps support strong nails. Helps support lustrous hair.
    • Manufactured in World Class Manufacturing Standards.
    999.00