8 Process And Techniques For Anemia Treatments

Techniques For Anemia Treatments

Anemia one of the most common ailments in recent times, but, the symptoms remains undetermined in many people. Often the symptoms of anemia are so minor that we relate it to the normal feelings of weakness and sometimes poor concentration. But, keep in mind that the symptoms can be fatal if not treated in time. Treatment of anemia essentially depends on the type, cause, and severity of the condition. Depending on these factors, the patient may be subjected to the dietary changes, medication, and surgery in the advanced stages.


Treatment of Anemia- Objective and Purpose

Treating anemia is not that easy. Simply consuming medicine would do nothing in the advanced stages. According to the experts, the treatment should be aimed at increasing the amount of oxygen in the patient’s blood. The treatment helps in increasing the red blood cell (RBC) count and the hemoglobin level, thereby improving the oxygen supply in patient’s blood. Another significant objective of the treatment is to heal the anemic conditions from the core.


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Treatment of Anemia


Various Process of Treating Anemia

Treatment of anemia varies widely according to its causes. There are mainly three different causes of anemia- blood loss, decreased level of RBC production and destruction of RBC. The procedures of treatment are given below:

Dietary Changes and Supplements

Deficiency of iron and vitamin is the primary reason for developing anemic conditions. Such condition is triggered due to the poor diet or certain diseases. With dietary changes and supplements, the doctors try to raise the iron and vitamin levels in your body. Common vitamin supplements used for the treatment are folic acid (folate) and Vitamin B12. Sometimes, Vitamin C supplements are given, which allows your body to absorb iron. Given below is the detailed description of various supplements:


Iron

Iron accentuates the production of hemoglobin in the body. Iron can be consumed more easily from meat than the vegetables. For treating anemia in the advanced stage, most of the doctors essentially prescribe to eat more meat (red meat, chicken, pork, turkey), fish, shellfish, and so on. Apart from the meat, there are some vegetable which you can consume on a regular basis to increase the iron content in the body. This may include, spinach, tofu, peas (lentils, red, white and baked beans, soybean, and chickpeas), dried fruits (raisins, apricots, prunes), iron-fortified breads and cereals.

Sometimes, iron supplements are also prescribed by the doctors. Such supplements are often combined with multivitamin and other minerals that improves the iron absorption by your body. However, keep in mind that excessive iron supplement can be harmful, hence it should be taken according to the physician’s prescription.

Iron Food


Vitamin B12

This is one of the most important nutrients that our body needs and the deficiency of Vitamin B12, can lead to the fatal condition called pernicious anemia. Once you are diagnosed with anemia, you should start taking Vitamin B12 regularly. Good source s of Vitamin B12 is the cereals, meat and fish, eggs and dairy products (milk, yogurt, and cheese), soy-based beverages and vegetable burgers. On advanced stages, doctors prescribe vitamin supplements along with the regular diet.

Vitamin B12


Folic Acid

The deficiency of folic acid (folate) leads to the decreasing level of RBC production, which develops severe anemic conditions. If you are diagnosed with anemic conditions, folic acid supplement should be given. It’s also important for pregnant women as it helps in avoiding anemia and promotes the healthy development of the fetus. Apart from the commercial supplements, you can have your regular source of folic acid from, bread, pasta, spinach and leafy vegetables, beef liver, black-eyed peas, dried beans, bananas, oranges, eggs.

Folic Acid


Vitamin C

Vitamin C is not exactly needed for treating the anemic conditions. It actually helps the human body to absorb iron, which in turn promotes the growth of RBC. Good sources of RBC include citrus fruits, fresh and frozen fruit juice and vegetables. Keep in mind that grapefruit cannot be consumed, if you are taking any particular medicine. This is because this fruit affect the strength of few medicines. Ask your doctor, before you have it.

Vitamin C


Medication for Treating Anemia

Medicines are prescribed by doctors when the dietary changes and the supplements fall short of healing the anemic conditions. With medicines, the growth of the red blood cells are promoted in the patient’s body. The growth of the red cells is used for treating the underlying conditions of anemia. Patients developing anemic conditions are given antibiotics to treat infections.

Hormones are given to treat heavy menstrual bleeding in teenaged and adult females. In severe conditions erythropoietin is used to stimulate the body to produce more RBC.Erythropoietin may trigger certain side effects depending on other conditions in the human body.

Medication


Procedural Therapies for Treating Anemia

Several procedural therapies are used for treating anemia in its advanced stage. The mostly used therapies are blood transfusions and marrow stem cell transplants. The details of the therapies are given below:


Blood Transfusion

This is the most commonly used method when the anemic conditions are severe in a patient. It’s a safe process, by which the required amount of blood is transfused to your body through an intravenous (IV) line in your blood vessels. However, make sure that the donor’s blood is clinically tested and perfectly matching with the recipient’s blood in all aspects.

Blood Transfusion


Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant

This therapy is also used to treat people with severe anemic conditions. In this system a blood and marrow stem cell transplant is done to replace the faulty stem cell in the patient’s body. Stem cells are produced in the marrow. After transplanting the bone marrow, the stem cells in it, develop into red and white blood cells. The donated stem cells are transplanted in a vein in the patient’s chest through a tube.

Marrow Stem Cell Transplant


Surgical Methods of Treating Anemia

Many patients suffer from excessive bleeding from any existing ulcer or cancer. It develops severe anemic conditions and can be fatal at times. In such cases, doctors mainly opt for surgical procedures. A diseased spleen eliminates a large volume of red blood cells from the body causing anemia. Therefore, doctors prescribe the surgical procedure of removing spleen in such cases.

Surgical Methods

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