Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

A metabolic disorder in which either the pancreas fail to secrete enough insulin to digest the sugar and help its assimilation in the body or the cells of the body become resistant to the insulin of the body, causing high blood glucose levels is termed as diabetes. It is estimated that around 250 million people in the world suffer from diabetes making it the second most common disease after heart disorders.

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

diabetes


Causes of Diabetes

There exist various causative agents that may lead to the development of diabetes in an individual, however, the cause may differ from person to person and also depends on the type of diabetes.


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Faulty Immune Mechanism

The immune system of the body, which normally fights the harmful and foreign substances entering the body, if turns faulty, they invade and destroy the insulin producing cells of the pancreas causing the blood glucose levels to rise and thus giving rise to the condition called diabetes. This type of faulty functioning is what leads to the development of type 1 diabetes.

Genetic Factors

It is a well known fact that diabetes has a genetic predisposition, meaning, it gets passed down from one generation to another. Genetic factors play a major role in the development of diabetesespecially type 1 diabetes. Also, it is largely responsible for gestational diabetes.

Environmental Factors

Certain environmental factors also contribute to the development of diabetes in many individuals. Deficiency of vitamin D, leaky gut syndrome, exposure to air pollutants and persistent organic pollutants contribute to the development of diabetes in one way or the other.

Pancreatic Defect

Faulty functioning of the pancreas causes a steep drop in the secretion of insulin, which gives rise to residual glucose in the blood, leading to diabetes. Physical injuryto the pancreas or over functioning leading to exhaustion is what actually causes the pancreas to secrete low or no amount of insulin.

Infections

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

hormone malfunction

Infections caused due to cytomegalovirus virus and Coxsackie B4 virus influence the development of diabetes.

Hormonal Malfunctions

Excess of growth hormone leading to disorders such as pituitary gigantism and Acromegaly, glucagonoma, hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndromeand many other conditions arising due to faulty hormone production may also lead to the development of diabetes in many individuals.

Drugs

Prolonged consumption of certain drugs such as glucocorticoids, steroids, thyroid hormone and many others are now linked to cause diabetes in 4% of patients. Glucocorticoids play a role in suppressing the immune functioning which may lead to diabetes.


Symptoms of Diabetes

Some of the most common symptoms one tends to experience if suffering from diabetes are listed below. However, their severity and occurrence differs from person to person and depends upon the type of diabetes one is suffering from.

Polyphagia

Increased hungeris medically termed as polyphagia which is one of the most commonly observed symptom among diabetic patients. The reason for this increase in hunger is due to the fact that there is an increase in the level of insulin circulating in the blood when a person suffers from diabetes, making the person crave for more food.

Polyuria

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

polyuria

Increased frequency of urination is termed medically as polyuria and is among the most important detectable symptoms of diabetes.

Polydypsia

Increased frequency of thirst, often observed among diabetic patients, is yet another very prominent symptom experienced by people suffering from any of the types of diabetes. Often, this symptom is an indication to the layman to detect the presence of high blood glucose levels.

Dizziness

Sudden dizziness, fatigue and weakness, muscle pains are all characteristic symptoms experienced among many of the diabetic patients.

Slow Healing Bruises

The sudden presence of certain peculiar rashes on the skin throughout the body or limited to certain parts, slow healing bruises are indicative of diabetes.

Blurred Vision

Very rapid change of normal vision to blurred is a symptom of type 1 diabetes whereas a slow, gradual change is indicative of type 2 diabetes.


Types of diabetes

It is very important to know which type of diabetes one is suffering from since it determines the type of treatment to be applied. Also, the severity and causative agent may also be determined to some extent by knowing the type of diabetes. Below is the list of the 3 types of diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

diabetes mellitus type 1

Also known as juvenile diabetes, diabetes mellitus type 1 is caused by auto-immune destruction of the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas, causing an increase in the blood and urine glucose.

Surprisingly, this disease affects individuals who are otherwise though to be healthy. Unexplained weight loss, polyuria, polydypsia and polyphagia are the symptoms that are commonly observed among patients suffering from this metabolic disorder. Unless treated properly and immediately with insulin, this disease may prove to be a threat to one’s life.

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Another name for this type of diabetes is non insulin dependant diabetes mellitus. The symptoms are almost the same as those of type 1 diabetes. However, in contrast to type 1 diabetes, this disorder is caused due to insulin resistance developed by the cells of the body. Making up about 90% of diabetes patients, this disorder can be managed comparatively easily with moderate exercise and lifestyle and dietary modifications.

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms And Types

gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes is experienced mostly among women in the third trimester of pregnancy and those who did not show any symptoms of diabetes prior to the pregnancy.

However, as the body grows during pregnancy and various physical and chemical changes take place, in some cases, the body is unable to produce sufficient quantity of insulin, thus leading to high blood sugar levels termed as gestational diabetes. Studies show that mothers suffering from gestational diabetes during their pregnancy period are more prone to developing diabetes mellitus type 2 at a later stage in their lives.

There exists yet another type of diabetes known as diabetes insipidus. However, this disorder occurs as a result of hormone malfunctioning, mostly due to insufficient amounts of anti-diuretic hormone in the body.

There exists no treatment for diabetes, it has to be managed. Obese people should try losing weight and making dietary modifications. Take the support of a doctor and follow the medication routine he has prescribed. Also, make some lifestyle changes and most importantly, restrict your intake of processed foods, carbohydrates and white sugar.

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  • St.Botanica Forskolin 500mg Extract – 90 Veg Caps

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    • Forskolin is a natural appetite suppressant that curbs carb and sugar cravings so you can stick to your diet plan!
    • Forskolin Extract has been studied for its potential to reduce appetite, manage weight. Combined with a healthy diet and exercise, desired goals can be achieved!
    • All-natural weight management supplement. Promotes healthy metabolism
    • This natural vegan formula will effectively support both male and female weight management. Finally you can start and finish a DIET that will work.
    • Rapid dissolving vegetarian capsule helps the active ingredients metabolize in the body so very little product “is wasted” and passed through your system.
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    • Combines vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other nutrients along with healthy hair, skin and nails support
    • This comprehensive and complete formula delivers a total of 36 nutrients comprising vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, health blends, amino acids in one convenient daily dose.
    • Contains Biotin for Healthy Hair Care.
    • Providing 100% RDA limits for maximum Vitamins & Mineral. Contains 13 Amino Acids. Helps support strong nails. Helps support lustrous hair.
    • Manufactured in World Class Manufacturing Standards.
    999.00