11 Causes And Treatments Of Adult Acne

adult acne

Acne is often misinterpreted as a teenage problem but in reality it can strike anyone at any age. Acne that happens in people above 30 years of age is termed as adult acne. The reason why most people dread this skin condition is the unsightly marks it leaves on one’s skin. Unlike teen acne, adult acne is difficult to treat and mostly appears around the chin and the jawline. Our skin consists of sebaceous glands whose role is to maintain skin’s moisture. These glands release sebum which helps in keeping the skin lubricated. When these glands start producing excess sebum, it gets accumulated in skin pores along with dirt and dead skin cells and thus closes the pores. And when these closed pores become inflamed they manifest in the form of acne.

Here Are The List Of Causes And Treatments Of Adult Acne

Causes Of Adult Acne

There are many trigger factors that contribute to breakouts in adults like changes in hormone levels, stress, certain foods and medications, poor hygiene, etc. Here’s a list of factors that are responsible for Adult Acne.


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Hormonal Fluctuations

Hormonal imbalance is the leading cause of adult acne which is precisely the reason for its higher prevalence in women than in men. Women undergo hormonal changes during different phases in their menstrual cycle and if there is an abnormal rise in the androgens it leads to breakouts. This kind of acne strikes at a specific time during the monthly cycle and responds well to hormonal therapy.

hormonal

Stress

Another contributing factor that leads to acne in adults is stress. Whenever there is emotional stress, the sebaceous glands in our skin become overactive and start producing excess sebum which then results in breakouts in adults.

Stress

Medications

Adult acne also presents as a side effect of certain medicines containing progestin, steroids, lithium which is used to treat bipolar disorder and immuno-suppressants which are administered to patients who undergo organ transplant. If you notice breakouts during the course of these medicines ask your doctor to switch to a different medication.

Medication

Foods

What we eat has a direct influence on our skin and therefore it becomes essential to consume fresh and unprocessed food items to keep our skin looking healthy and beautiful. Likewise, if our diet consists of mostly processed junk food, sweets and dairy products it will lead to breakouts as this type of diet results in imbalances in many bodily functions which then show up in the form of acne.

junk foods

Heredity

Acne and adult acne runs in families. If a parent has a family history of breakouts then it puts their children and grand children at risk of developing acne. This tendency can be curtailed by receiving the right treatment at the beginning of such breakouts. Some newer studies are claiming to have found a gene that plays a role in the transfer of adult acne to off springs.

Heredity

Dirt And Pollution

If your skin remains continually exposed to air that’s replete with chemicals, dust and harmful gases then it might lead to acne as polluted air obstructs the pores and triggers acne. The air in cities tends to be the most polluted and therefore it would be wise to install an air filter in your home or surround yourself with some air filtering plants. Also avoid touching your face with your hands as our hands are harbingers of bacteria and dirt.

dirt

Treating Adult Acne

The first step towards treating adult acne is to identify its cause upon which your doctor will prescribe the suitable treatment. If hormonal changes are behind the flare ups, you will need to undergo therapy to balance your hormones. Similarly, if it’s due to unhealthy diet or pollution, steps should be taken to manage these factors before you start treating the breakouts externally. Regular cleansing of face is necessary to eliminate the build up of sebum and dirt in skin pores. Keeping in view all the factors that contribute to acne and a person’s skin type there are many topical treatments available . It’s better to use a combination of these treatments than to use them individually depending on what suits your skin type. Here’s a list of possible treatments options for adult acne.

Salicylic Acid

These days many skin products for acne prone skin come with salicylic acid as an active ingredient. Salicylic acid helps in exfoliating the skin and cleanses skin pores and is used in milder forms of acne. It also clears blackheads and reduces inflammation in breakouts to some extent.

salicylic acid

Retinoids

Popularly known as retinoids, these Vitamin A rich creams and lotions are a top choice when it comes to treating severe acne as topical applicaton of retinoids detoxifies skin pores and also clears out any blemishes left on the skin from previous breakouts. They also help in regulating excess sebum production and prevent further break-outs.

retinoids

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is very effective in treating cystic and inflamed acne as being anti-bacterial in nature it instantly dries up the breakout. But it’s extremely drying for the skin and should be applied directly on the pimples that are overtly inflamed.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid has been found to be most effective against adult acne as it doesn’t cause any dryness in the skin but is equally potent as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties and works best in conjunction with retinoids.

azelaic

Antibiotics

In cases of severe acne, the breakouts sometimes become infected and accompany fever and pain. In such cases a course of antibiotics likedoxycycline, erythromycin or tetracycline along with pain relievers becomes necessary to treat the infection.

Antibiotics

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